From making purchases to allocating your monthly pocket money to measuring quantities while cooking, all of us use math in our day-to-day activities even without realizing it. Have you ever wondered how these magical mathematical concepts have arrived & who are the people behind their invention?
Aryabhata was the first person to say that the Earth is spherical and it revolves around the sun & stated the correct number of days in a year that is 365. He also gave the formula (a + b) 2 = a2 + b2 + 2ab. Further, he worked on the place value system using letters to signify numbers and stating qualities.
Introduction of zero (0) to mathematics, which stood for “nothing”, was the biggest contribution of Brahmagupta. He also explained how to find the cube and cube-root of an integer and gave rules facilitating the computation of squares and square roots.
Srinivasa Ramanujan was one of India’s greatest mathematical geniuses. He made substantial contributions to Hardy-Ramanujan Littlewood circle method in number theory and worked on elliptic functions, continued fractions, partial sums, products of hypergeometric series and infinite series.
Prasanta Chandra Mahalanobis’s most significant contribution in the field of statistics was the Mahalanobis Distance. Besides these, he had also made pioneering studies in the field of anthropometry and had founded the Indian Statistical Institute. He also contributed to the design of large scale sample surveys in India.
Calyampudi Radhakrishna Rao, popularly known as C R Rao is a well-known statistician, famous for his “theory of estimation”. His contributions to statistical theory and applications are well known, and many of his results, which bear his name, are included in the curriculum of courses in statistics at bachelor’s and master’s level all over the world.
Dattaraya Ramchandra Kaprekar was an Indian recreational mathematician who described several classes of natural numbers including the Kaprekar, Harshad and self-numbers and discovered the Kaprekar constant, named after him. Without any formal mathematical education, he published extensively and was very well known in recreational mathematics circle.
Harish-Chandra FRS was an Indian American mathematician and physicist who did fundamental work in representation theory, especially harmonic analysis on semisimple Lie groups.
SATYENDRA NATH BOSE
Known for his collaboration with Albert Einstein, Satyendra Nath Bose established modern theoretical physics in India. Bose made significant advances in statistical mechanics and quantum statistics, the description of all forces by single field theory, x-ray diffraction and the interaction of electromagnetic waves with the ionosphere.
Bhaskara, an Indian astronomer, and mathematician helped to disseminate the mathematical work of Aryabhata. He was the one who declared that any number divided by zero is infinity and that the sum of any number and infinity is also infinity. He is also famous for his book “Siddhanta Siromani”.
Karmarkar’s algorithm is an algorithm introduced by Narendra Karmarkar in 1984 for solving linear programming problems. He is also listed as an ISI highly cited researcher.
Apart from the above mentioned, there are many other famous Indian mathematicians who contributed to the origin of mathematics. They have made several contributions to mathematics that have significantly influenced scientists and mathematicians in the modern era.
Invariably, Mathematics also forms an integral part of your IIT-JEE preparation and many other entrance examinations across the globe. Mathematics teaching has a crucial role in engineering education. The recent developments in technology have caused variation in teaching the mathematics of engineering students and have brought with them the use of modern techniques and methods.
Author: Kriti Kohli
Kriti is an active blogger with decent experience in the education industry. She researches on various topics related to education & various other competitive exams and pens down her research in the form of articles & blogs. She performs extensive research, adds several crucial information, inputs and statistics in her write-ups. When she is not writing, she loves wandering around the hills, as exploring nature excites her the most.